appropriation


appropriation
appropriation, grant, subvention, subsidy mean money or property given or set apart by an authorized body for a predetermined use by others.
Appropriation is the comprehensive term used in government, business, or an institution controlling large sums of money for the amount formally and officially allotted to any one of its departments, projects, services, or beneficiaries in advance of the expenditure of that money
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every department must keep within its appropriation

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since the bill just signed carries no appropriation for the new bridge, it is obvious that construction will not begin this year

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Grant usually applies to a gift made by a government or by a corporation (as an educational or charitable foundation) to a beneficiary on the condition that certain terms be accepted or certain engagements fulfilled. The beneficiary may be a specific institution, a corporation, or even an individual; the gift may be a sum of money, but when the government is the benefactor, it is often a tract of land or a valuable franchise
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grants of land from the federal government were made to various railroads building new lines and to various colleges and universities providing agricultural and industrial courses in the mid-nineteenth century

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foundations that make grants to institutions engaged in health and medical research

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Subvention is more restricted than grant since it always implies pecuniary aid especially to a person or institution in straits; it more often applies to a grant-in-aid to an artistic, literary, or scientific undertaking than a commercial one
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opera in many places is possible only because of a subvention

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Subsidy applies to a grant made to an individual or a company to enable him (or it) to carry on some work regarded as advantageous to the public but not for one reason or another self-supporting. Subvention is often preferred when the grant is made by an educational or charitable foundation or similar agency; subsidy, when it is made by the government
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the Carnegie Corporation makes subventions to libraries and educational institutions

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the British government provides subsidies for mail-carrying vessels

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New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Appropriation — • In theology, appropriation is used in speaking of the different Persons of the Trinity Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Appropriation     Appropriation      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • appropriation — I (allotment) noun allocation, allowance, apportionment, budget, budgeting, concession, designation of use, dispensation, distribution, setting apart associated concepts: appropriation bill, appropriation for public use, appropriation of money,… …   Law dictionary

  • appropriation — ap‧pro‧pri‧a‧tion [əˌprəʊpriˈeɪʆn ǁ əˌproʊ ] noun [countable, uncountable] 1. the official use of money for a particular purpose, or an amount of money that is used: • They each receive a state appropriation of $50,000 to cover education costs.… …   Financial and business terms

  • Appropriation — is the act of taking possession of or assigning purpose to properties or ideas and is important in many topics, including: *Appropriation (sociology) in relation to the spread of knowledge *Appropriation (art) **Appropriation (music) in reference …   Wikipedia

  • Appropriation — (lat. appropriatio, von appropriare, „erwerben, (sich) aneignen, zu eigen machen, appropriieren“) bezeichnet die Aneignung sowohl von Sachen, also den Erwerb eines Eigentums, als auch die Aneignung im philosophisch geisteswissenschaftlichen Sinne …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Appropriation — Ap*pro pri*a tion, n. [L. appropriatio: cf. F. appropriation.] 1. The act of setting apart or assigning to a particular use or person, or of taking to one s self, in exclusion of all others; application to a special use or purpose, as of a piece… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • appropriation — APPROPRIATION. s. f. Action de s approprier une chose. L appropriation d une Terre.Appropriation, en termes de Chimie, est l état où sont mis deux corps quine peuvent s unir ensemble que par le concours d un troisième corps, qui dispose les deux… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • appropriation — [n1] allocation, setting aside allotment, allowance, apportionment, assignment, budgeting, concession, donation, earmarking, endowing, funding, giving, grant, provision, setting apart, sponsoring, stipend, stipulation, subsidy; concepts 135,340… …   New thesaurus

  • Appropriation — (lat.), Aneignung; Appropriatio feudi, Beendigung des Lehnsverhältnisses durch Aufhebung der Rechte des Lehnsherrn …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Appropriation — (lat.), Aneignung, auch Anmaßung einer Sache …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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